(Tugas – Tugas…buat HNMUN Trainning Session.. tentang Improving Urban Environment, dan untunglah dapat negaranya Denmark, setidaknya banyak artikel yang bisa Q jadiin referensi. Temen2 Q yang lain ada yang dapat negara kecil e.g Marshall Island, Barbados, etc. yaaah cuma ini yang bisa kubuat, pastinya banyak grammar yang salah. Mungkin ada yang bersedia koreksi??… onegaishimas.. 😛 )
Denmark, officialy Kingdom of Denmark or Kongeriget Denmark is Monarchy country with constitutional monarchy government system, and is located in Scandinavia. Executive authority is exercised on behalf of the monarch by the prime minister and other cabinet ministers who head departments. These ministers are responsible to Folketinget (the Danish Parliament). The Prime Minister of Denmark is Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
Denmark has been a member of the European Union since joining the European Economic Community in 1973. The economic condition in Denmark is one of the best with US $ 37,000 per capita of Gross National Product, that occupy in 6th rank from other country. Unemployment rate for 1998 was 6,3 percent, which is the lowest level in twenties years. Danish population is one of the most wealthier in the world. Income and wealth within Denmark are quite evenly distributed.
The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen. The population of Denmark approximately 5,2 million and about 1,4 million people of its total population live in the capital Copenhagen, and in suburban and another 0.6 million people live in the three other major cities – Odense in Funen, Arhus and Aalborg. A number of poor people live in slum dwellings and in homelessness in big city. Most of them are immigrants from South Asia and Middle East. Nowadays improving urban environment become Danish Government concern, in cooperation with other country in Europe under European Green Cities Network as a forum for dissemination of sustainable urban housing in order to build a living place for homeless people, reducing slum area in big cities and help speed up inovation for efficient urban housing, energy, and resources with some good facilitations and sanitary. Because more than 80% of European citizens are living in cities and urban areas.
Environmental change occurs as a result of both natural and human processes, environmental systems and human activities contribute to environmental changes. Emissions of greenhouse gases (carbondioxide, nitrogen, oxide) constitute one of the most severe global threats to the environment. In industry area or populated areas, chemicals are often released into waterbodies and the use of toxic chemicals also causes a serious problem if people use that contaminated water. Urban transport is a significant contributor to climate change. Pollution, noise, waste and accidents are particularly acute in large urban environments and affect the lives of thousands of people.
The Danish Government aims to reduce the emission of nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons and other emission of particles from urban traffic, with Denmark’s Nature and Environment Policy 1995. Need for a better urban environment is the government’s goal. Danish Government by the Ministry of Environment and Energy will continue the campaign of using public transport, because it is the most efficient mode of transportation and is currently the best answer to mobility needs in densely populated areas. In addition to the preventive measures, it is necessary to reduce the consequences of past contamination. One of the primary concerns is the cleaning up of contaminated sites. This effort are being taken by the Environmental Clean-Up Unit of the Danish Petroleum Industry to clean up between 3,000 – 4,000 contaminated sites where petrol stations are or have been located. The government also intends to work with local authorities and encourage them to support local plans for an improving urban environment